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트위터에  특허 출원용  동물 수정란(受精卵)  기탁이  세계 3 번 째 가능해졌다 공유하기  페이스북에  특허 출원용  동물 수정란(受精卵)  기탁이  세계 3 번 째 가능해졌다 공유하기  네이버밴드에  특허 출원용  동물 수정란(受精卵)  기탁이  세계 3 번 째 가능해졌다 공유하기  카카오스토리에  특허 출원용  동물 수정란(受精卵)  기탁이  세계 3 번 째 가능해졌다 공유하기
보도자료 글내용
제목 특허 출원용 동물 수정란(受精卵) 기탁이 세계 3 번 째 가능해졌다
담당부서 담당자 작성일 1999-09-21
조회 4974
ㅇ 특허청에 의하면, 생명공학연구소 유전자은행(KCTC)이 세계지식재산권
   기구(WIPO)로부터 동물수정란을 기탁 받을 수 있는 자격을   인정받아, 
   동물특허 출원 시 국내에서도 동물 수정란을 오는 10월부터 기탁할 수 
   있게 되었다. 이번에 KCTC가 동물수정란 기탁기관으로 공인 받은 것은 
   미국의 ATCC( 88.10)와 독일의 DSM( 94.2)에 이어 세계 3번째가 된다.  

ㅇ 현재 국내 소재 미생물 국제기탁기관에는 세균, 플라스미드 등 연간 
   300건 정도 기탁되고 있으며, 동물수정란은 연간 15∼20건 정도 기탁될 
   것으로 예상된다. 동물수정란을 국내기관에 기탁할 수 있게 됨으로써, 
   내국인이 동물특허 출원 시, 외국으로 동물수정란을 수송해야 하는 물리적 
   어려움과 경제적 부담(건당 600$)이 줄고, 국내에서 개발된 유용생물 
   자원의 해외유출이 억제되는 등 좋은 효과들이 기대된다.

<참고자료>

1. 추진경위

ㅇ 최근의 급속한 생명공학기술 발전에 대응하고, 앞으로 증가가 예상되는 
   동물발명 특허출원을 심사하기 위해 특허청은 동물발명에 관한 심사기준을 
   포함한 「생명공학분야 특허심사기준」을  98. 3. 1부터 개정. 시행하고 
   있으며, 이 기준에는 특허출원 명세서를 보완하기 위해  동물수정란을 기탁
   하도록 규정되어 있다.

ㅇ 그러나, 국내 소재 미생물국제기탁기관들은 시설 및 인력미비로  동물수
   정란 을 특허절차상의 미생물로 기탁받도록 공인받지 못했기 때문에, 국내 
   출원인들은 외국의 국제기탁기관(미국 ATCC, 독일 DSM)에 동물수정란을 
   기탁해야 함으로써 수송비용의 추가부담 등 불편을 감수해야 했다.

ㅇ 국내에서도 최근 고가 의약품을 생산하는 흑염소  메디가 개발되는 등 
   동물특허출원이 증가할 것으로 예상됨에 따라 국내 소재 미생물 국제기탁
   기관에서도  동물수정란 을 기탁할 수 있도록 해야한다는 필요성이 제기되
   어 왔다.

ㅇ 지난 4월에 생명공학연구소 유전자은행(KCTC)이  동물수정란  기탁에 필요한 
   인력과 시설을 갖춤에 따라, 특허청은 기탁 자격을 인정해 줄 것을 6월 
   세계지식재산권기구(WIPO)에 요구하였다.

ㅇ WIPO에서 관보(Intellectual Property Laws and Treaties  99.7/8월호, 
   99년 10월초 발간 예정)에 생명공학연구소 유전자은행의 동물수정란 기탁 
   자격 인정함을 공고한다고 특허청에 통보해 옴에 따라, 세계 3번 째로 국
   내에서도 동물수정란 기탁이 가능하게 되었다.

   
┌───────────────┐
│미생물기탁제도(부다페스트조약)│
└───────────────┘


1. 기탁제도의개요

  ㅇ 미생물에 관계되는 발명은 명세서의 기재만으로는 발명을 실시(재현)
     할 수 없고, 또한 당업자가 그 미생물을 용이하게 입수할 수 없으므로 
     이를 보완하기 위하여 그 미생물을 지정 기탁기관에 기탁하게 하는 제도임

    - 기탁기관 : 특허청장이 지정하는 국내기탁기관 또는 부다페스트조약의 
                 규정에 의하여 국제기탁기관으로 지정받은 기관
    - 부타페스트조약 가입일 : ‘88. 3. 28
     ( 99. 9월 현재 부다페스트조약 가입국 45개국, 국제기탁기관 31개기관)


2. 기탁기관 현황
 
  ㅇ기탁기관 현황
                                                   

┌────────┬───────┬──────┬──────┬────┐
│구     분       │생명공학연구소│한국미생물  │한국세포주  │계      │
│                │유전자은행.   │보존센타    │연구재단    │        │
┝━━━━━━━━┿━━━━━━━┿━━━━━━┿━━━━━━┿━━━━┥
│국내기탁기관    │○            │○          │-           │        │
│(지정일)        │(81. 8. 25)   │(81. 8. 25) │            │        │
│국제기탁기관    │○            │○          │○          │        │
│(지정일)        │(90. 6. 30)   │(90. 6. 30) │(93. 8. 31) │        │
│                │              │            │            │        │
├────────┼───────┼──────┼──────┼────┤
│수탁실적( 99.6) │1,554주       │1,263       │23주        │2,840주 │
├────────┼───────┼──────┼──────┼────┤
│분양실적( 99.6) │79주          │19주        │15주        │113주   │
└────────┴───────┴──────┴──────┴────┘

 ※ 수탁/분양실적 : 2,381주/65주(‘97말) ⇒ 2,682주/101주(‘98말)

  ㅇ 기탁기관 관리
    - 기탁된 미생물의 관리실태를 정기 점검
    - 미생물을 분양받은 자의 재분양 금지


부다페스트조약가입국
                                            99 .9 현재(45개국)

┏━━━━━━━┯━━━━━━┳━━━━━━━━━━━━┯━━━━━━┓
┃국    가      │가 입 일    ┃국     가               │가 입 일    ┃
┣━━━━━━━┿━━━━━━╋━━━━━━━━━━━━┿━━━━━━┫
┃Australia     │1987.  7.  7┃Netherlands             │1987.  7.  2┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Austria       │1984.  4. 26┃Norway                  │1986.  1.  1┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Belgium       │1983. 12. 15┃Philippines             │1981. 10. 21┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Bulgaria      │1980.  8. 19┃Poland                  │1993.  9. 22┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Canada        │1996.  9. 21┃Portugal                │1997. 10. 16┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃China         │1995.  7.  1┃Republic of Korea       │1988.  3. 28┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Cuba          │1994.  2. 19┃Republic of Moldova     │1991. 12. 25┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Czech         │1993.  1.  1┃Russian Federation      │1981.  4. 22┃
┃Republic      │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Denmark       │1985.  7.  1┃Singapore               │1995.  2. 23┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Estonia       │1996.  9. 14┃Slovakia                │1993.  1.  1┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Finland       │1985.  9.  1┃Slovenia                │1998.  3. 12┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃France        │1980.  8. 19┃South Africa            │1997.  7. 14┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Germany       │1981.  1. 20┃Spain                   │1981.  3. 19┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Greece        │1993. 10. 30┃Sweden                  │1983.  10. 1┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Hungary       │1980.  8. 19┃Switzerland             │1991.  8. 19┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Iceland       │1995.  3. 23┃Tajikistan              │1991. 12. 25┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Israel        │1996.  4. 26┃Trinidad and Tobago     │1994.  3. 10┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Italy         │1986.  3. 23┃Turkey                  │1998. 11. 30┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Japan         │1980.  8. 19┃Ukraine                 │1997.  7.  2┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Latvia        │1994. 12. 29┃United Kingdom          │1980. 12. 29┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Liechtenstein │1981.  8. 19┃United States of America│1980.  8. 19┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Lithuania     │1998.  5.  9┃Yugoslavia              │1994.  2. 25┃
┃              │            ┃                        │            ┃
┃Monaco        │1999.  1. 23┃                        │            ┃
┗━━━━━━━┷━━━━━━┻━━━━━━━━━━━━┷━━━━━━┛

 ※ '98년도 가입국 (3) : Lithuania, Slovenia, Turkey
    '99년도 가입국 (1) : Monaco


국제기탁기관 현황                                                     
                           99. 9. 현재 (31개 기관) 

┏━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━┯━━━━━┯━━━━┓
┃기                  관                                      │국    가  │자격    ┃
┃                                                            │          │취득일  ┃
┠──────────────────────────────┴─────┴────┨
┃Advanced Biotechnology Center (ABC)………………………         이탈리아    96.2.29 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection (NRRL)…     미국        81.1.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃All-Union Scientific Centre of Antibiotics (VNIIA)…………    러시아      87.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃American Type Culture Collection (ATCC)……………………       미국        81.1.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Australian Govemment Analytical Laboratiories (AGAL)……      호주        88.9.30 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Belgian Coordinated Collections of Microorganisms (BCCM)      벨기에      92.3.1  ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Bureau of Microbiology at Health Canada (BMHC)………          캐나다      98.11.30┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS)………………        네덜란드    81.10.1 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃China Center for Type Culture collection (CCTCC)…………      중국        95.7.1  ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃China General Microbiological Culture Center (CGMCC)          중국        95.7.1  ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Coleccion Espanola de Cultivos Tipo (CECT)……………          스페인      92.3.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Collection Nationale de Cultures de Micro organismes (CNCM)   프랑스      84.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Collection of Industrial Yeasts (DBVPG)……………             이탈리아    97.1.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP)…             영국        82.9.30 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Culturc Collection of Yeasts (CCY)……………………            슬로바키아  92.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Czech Collection of Microorganisms (CCM)……………            체코공화국  92.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen                    독일        81.10.1 ┃
┃und Zelikulturen GmbH (DSMZ)                                                      ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃European Collection of Cell Cultures (ECACC)…………          영국        84.9.30 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Intermational Mycological Institute (IMI)………………         영국        83.3.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Korean Cell Line Research Foundation (KCLRF)………            한국        93.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC)…………            한국        90.6.30 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Korean Culture Center of Microorganisms (KCCM)…              한국        90.6.30 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Microbial Strain Collection of Latvia (MSCL)…………          라트비아    97.5.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Bank for Industrial Microorganisms                   불가리아    87.10.31┃
┃and Cell Cultures (NBIMCC)                                                        ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Collection of Agricultural                           헝가리      86.6.1  ┃
┃and Industrial Microorganisms (NCAIM)                                             ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC)……               영국        82.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Collection of Yeast Cultures (NCYC)……              영국        82.1.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Collections of Industrial                            영국        82.3.31 ┃
┃and Marine Bacteria Limited (NCIMB)…                                             ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃National Institute of Bioscience                              일본        81.5.1  ┃
┃and Human-Technology (NIBH)…                                                     ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Russian Collection of Microorganisms (VKM)………              러시아      87.8.31 ┃
┃                                                                                  ┃
┃Russian National Collection of Industrial                     러시아      87.8.31 ┃
┃Microorganisms (VKPM), GNI Genetika…                                             ┃
┗━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━┛

※ 영국(6개기관), 한국.러시아(3), 미국. 중국. 이탈리아(2), 일본. 독일. 기타(1).
※ 98년 지정 (1) : 캐나다 BMHC


* 문의 : 심사3국 유전공학심사담당관실 김형준서기관. 전화 042)481-5589

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